CARA MUDAH MENGERJAKAN SOAL TOEFL(READING 19)DAN PEMBAHASANNYA
Jefferson,was the most important official examination of
the high plains and the Northwest before the War of 1812.
The President’s secretar,captain Meriwether Lewis,had
line been instructed to”explore the Missouri River,and such
(5) principal streams of it as,by its course and communication
with the waters of the Pacific Ocean…may offer her most
direct and practicable water communication across the
continent,for the purposes of commerce.”Captain William
Clark,the younger brother of famed George Rogers Clerk,
was invited to share the command of the exploring party.
Amid rumors that there were prehistoric mammoths
(10) wandering around the unknown region and that somewhere
in its wilds was a mountain of rock salt 80 by 45 miles in
extent,the two captains set out.The date was 14,1804.Their
point of deperture was the mount of the Wood River,just
across the Mississippi from the entrance of the Missouri
River.After toiling up the Missouri all summer,the group
wintered near the Mandan villages in the center of what is
now North Dakota.
(15) Resuming their journey in the spring of 1805,the men
worked their way along the Missouri to its source and then
crossed the mountains of western Montana and Idaho.
Picking up a tributary of the Columbia River,they
continued westward until they reached the Pacific Ocean,
where they stayed until the following spring.
Lewis and Clark brought back much new information,
(20) including the knowledge that the continent was wider than
originally supposed.More specifically,they learned a good
deal about river drainages and mountain barriers.They
ended speculation that an easy coast-to-coast route existed
via the Missouri-Columbia River systems,and their reports
of the climate,the animals and birds,the trees and plants,and
the Indians of the West-though not immediately published-
were made available to scientists.
1.With what topic is the passage primarily concerned?
a.The eiver systems of portions of North America
b.Crtain geological features to the North American continent
c.An exploratory trip sponsored by the United States
d.The discovery of natural resources in the United States.
Jawab:(C)An exploratory trip sponsored by the United States government
Key word:The Lewis and Clark expedition sponsored by President Jefferson
Pembahasan:ekspedisi Lewis dan Clark,yang di sponsori oleh Presiden Jefferson,adalah pemeriksaan resmi yang paling penting sebelum perang tahun 1812
2.According to the passage,the primary purpose of finding a water
route across the continent was to
a.gain easy access to the gold and other riches of the Northwest
b.become acquainted with the inhabitants of the West
c.investigate the possibility of improved farmland in the West
d.Facilitate the movement of commerce across the continent.
Jawab:(D)facilitate the movement of commerce across the continent
Key word:for the purposes of commerce
Pembahasan:tujuan utama untuk menemukan rute air di seluruh benua ini adalah untuk mencari jalur air yang langsung dan praktis melintasi benua,untuk tujuan perdagangan
3.The river Meriwether Levis was instructed to explore was the
Key word:Captain Meriwether Lewis,had been instructed to explore the Missouri River
Pembahasan:Kapten Meriwether Lewis diperintahkan untuk menjelajahi Sungai Missouri
4.According to the passage,the explorers spent their first winter in
what would become
Key word:the group wintered near the Mandan villages in the center of what is now North Dakota
Pembahasan:Kelompok menghabiskan musim dingin di dekat desa Mandan yang yang sekarang dikenal sebagai North Dkota
5.The author states that Lewis and Clark studied all of the following characteristics of the explored territories EXCEPT
Key word:their reports of the climate,the animals and birds,the trees and plants,and the Indians of the west
Pembahasan:mereka melaporkan tentang iklim,hewan dan burung,pohon-pohon dan tanaman dan Indian di barat
6.The phrase”picking up”in line 17 could best replaced by which of the following?
7.It can be inferred from the passage that prior to the Lewis and Clark expedition the size of the continent had been
a.of little interest
c.known to native inhabitants of the West
d.unpublished but known to most scientists
Key word:that the continent was wider than originally supposed
Pembahasan:Lewis andClark membawa kembali banyak informasi baru,termasuk pengetahuan bahwa benua itu lebih luas daripada yang diperkirakan
8.Where in the passage does the author refer to the explorers’ failure to find an easy passage way to the western part of the continent?
key word:They ended speculation that an easy coast-to-coast route existed via the Missouri-Columbia River systems
Pembahasan:Mereka mengakhiri spekulasi bahwa ada rute mudah melalui pantai yang melewati sungai Missouri-Columbia.
Tim Master Eduka