TRIK JIT NGERJAKAN SOAL TOEFL(READING) DAN JAWABANNYA
Cockroaches are an ancient group of insects that have changed a little in appearance in 320 million years.There are around 4,000 species of cockroaches worldwide,and most live in tropical regions,preferring warm,humid,dark areas.These are creatures with flattened bodies,leathery wings,skittering legs,and long,waving antennae.Despite the fact that cockroaches cause annoyance to people,they can bring benefits to the environment.
Cockroaches that often give some people the creeps are loathed for two reasons.First,they are considered filthy insects and may cause diseases.Since they eat garbage,their waste materials,containing dangerous bacteria that they spread around buildings and houses as they find their way around,cause adors and stains.In addition,their saliva and waste materials may cause allergies and aggravate asthma.Second,people think that to eliminate cockroaches is not easy because they reproduce fast and they are difficult to skill.For example,a German cockroach and her young can produce more than 300,000 cockroaches in one year.They are skillful at running from shoes,newspapers,and other instruments used to kill them,and several species are even resistant to insecticides.The success of their survival strategies is proven by the longevity of the group and its amazing diversity.
Although they have a bad reputation,cpckroaches play an important role in ecology,a fact that many people are not aware of.They are generalist feeders,capable of digesting a wide range of substances due to the variety of bacteria and protozoa in their digestive systems.They help decompose forest litter and animal fecal matter,and in turn,other insects such as beetles and them and their eggs.They are,therefore,an important part of the food chain.
1.The word”these”in line 4 refers to…..
2.Which of the following is NOT true about cockroaches?
a.They undergo almost no evolution in millions of years.
b.They have round and tough bodies.
c.They make the place smell horrible.
d.They live in warm areas.
3.Which of the following is NOT the reason mentioned why people hate cockroaches?
a.Cockroasches eat garbage.
b.Cockroaches are dirty insects.
c.Cockroaches look frightening
d.Cockroachesbring about illness.
4.Which of the following statements about cockroaches is NOT mentioned in the passage?
a.Some cockroeches are immune to insecticides.
b.Their waste can worsen a particular disease.
c.They are good at protecting themselves.
d.They are pests in the environment.
5.Where in the passage does the author mention the effects of cockroaches’ saliva on humans?
6.The word”its”in line 17 refers to the variety of….
7.What can we say about the reproduction potential of cockroaches/
a.They can breed under the most difficult circumstances.
b.They procreate hundred thousands of young cockroaces in a year.
c.They produce more when put in a clean environment.
d.They need humid places to reproduce faster.
8.Where in the passage does the author show cockroaches function in the food chain?
9 The following statements are true about cockroaches EXCEPT that…
a.they have proved to be defenseless insects
b.they play a role in balancing the environment
c.bacteria and protozoa help them digest their foodstuff
d.other insects,animals and parasites feed on them
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