TRIK JITU ,EMHERRJAKAN SOAL TOEFL (READING DAN JAWABANNYA
The human brain is a grayish-pink,jellylike ball with many ridges and grooves on its surface.It is the control center for movement,sleep,hunger,thrist,emotions such as love,hatred,fear,anger,elation and sadness,and other important activities necessary for survival.It also receives and interprets the countless signals sent to it from other parts of the body and from the external environment.
The largest part of the brain is the cerebrum,making up about 85 percent of the weight of the entire brain.A thin layer of nerve cell bodies called the cerebral cortex forms the outermost parts of the cerebrum.Most of the cerebrum beneath the cortex consists of the nerve cell fibers.Some connect parts of the cortex;others link the cortex with the cerebellum,brain stem,and spinal cord.The cerebrum is divided by a fissure(large groove)into halves called the left cerebral hemisphere and the right cerebral hemisphere.These are connected by bundles of nerve fibers,the largest of which is the corpus callosum.Each hemisphere is divided into four lobes and and each lobe is named after the bone of the skull that lies above it.
The second part of the brain,the cerebellum,is located below the back part of the cerebrum.It is responsible for balance,posture,and the coordination of movement.The cerebellum consists of a large mass of closely packed folia,leaflike bundles of nerve cells.It has right and left hemispheres that are joined by a finger-shaped structure called vermis.Nerve pathways connect the right half of the cerebellum with the cerebral hemisphere and the right side of the body.Pathways from the left half connect with the right cerebral hemisphere and the left side of the body.
The brain stem,the third part of the brain,is a stalk-like structure located at the front part of the cerebellum.It links the cerebrum to the spinal cord and controls various autoatic as well as motoric functions.Lying between and below midbrain,pons and modula ablongata.Those three are connected to the cerebellum by nerve bundles called cerebellar preduncles.
1.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a function of the brain?
a.It protects the cerebrum cortex.
b.It controls movement and emotions.
c.It manages hunger and thirst.
d.It responds appropriately to surrounding situations.
2.The word”survival”in line 4 can best be replaced by…….
3.Where in the passage does the author mention the division of the cerebrum?
4.The word”others”in line 9 refers to…..
a.nerve cell bodies
b.outermost parts of the cerebrum
c.nerve cell fibers
d.oarts of the cortex
5.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph two?
a.The size of the cerebrum
b.The weight of the cerebrum
c.The function of the cerebrum
d.The parts of the cerebrum
6.The word”fissure”in line 11 is closest in meaning to……
7.The word”these”in line 12 refers to……
a.nerve cell fibers
b.parts of the cortex
c.the cerebellum,brain stem and spinal cords
8.What connects the two hemispheres of the cerebrum?
a.The celebral cortex
c.The corpus callosum
9.What connects the hemispheres of the cerebrum?
10.According to the passage.which of the following is true?
a.Each cerebral hemisphere controls the opposite side of the body.
b.The cerebellum helps us breathe and blink our eyes.
c.A finger-shaped structure connects the cerebellum to the brain stems
d.Fissure can be found in both cerebrum and cerebrum.
11.The following is true about the brain stem EXCEPT……
a.it is located right before the cerebellum
b.it controls our movement
c.it consists of three oarts connected to the cerebellum
d.it connects the cerebellum to the cerebrum
12.What is the function of the brain stem?
It interprets signals from the cerebellum.
b.It determines the tasks oft the two halves of the brain.
c.It directs automatic and motor movements.
d.It gives commands to the nerve cells.
LIA PREPARATION COURSE FOR TOEFL TEST