TRIK JITU MEGERJAKAN SOAL TOEFL(READING)
Harvard University,today recognized as part of the top echelon of the world’s universnities,came from very inauspicious nad humble beginnings.
This oldest of American universities was founded in 1636,just sixteen years after the Pilgrams landed at Plymouth.Included in the Puritan emigrants to the Massachusetts colony during this period were more than 100 graduates of England’s prestigious Oxford and Cambridge universities ,and these university graduates in the New World were determined that their sons would have the same educnational opportunities that they themselves had had because Because of this support in the conolony for an institution of higher learning ,the General Court of Massachusnetts appropriated 400 pouds for a college in October of 1636 and early the following year decided on a parcel of land of the school ;this land was in an area called Newetowne,which was later renamed Cambridge after its english cousin and is the present day university .
When a young minister named John Harvard,who came from the neighboring town of Charlestowne,died from tubnerculosnis in 1638,he willed half of his estate of 1,700 pounds to the fledgling college after.In spite of the fact that only half of the bequest was actually paid,the General Court named the college after the minister in appreciation for what he had done.The amount of the bequest may not have been large,particularly by today’s standarts,but it was more than the General Court had found it necesary to appropriate in order to open open the college.
Henry Dunster was appoited the first president of Harvard in 1640 ,and it should be noted that in addition to serving as president,he was also the entire faculty ,with an entering freshman class of teaching staff consisted of the president and three or four tutors.
1.The main idea of this passage is that
a.Harvard is one of the world’s most prestigious universities
b.what is today a great university started out small
c.John Harvard was key to the development of a great university
d.Harvard University developed under the auspices of the General Court of Massachusetts
2.The passage indicates that Harvard is
a.one of the oldest universities in the world
b.the oldest university in the world
c.one of the oldest universities in America
d.the oldest university in America
3.It can be inferred from the passage that the Puritans who traveled to the Massachusetts colony were
a.rather well educated
c.rather supportive of the English government
4.The pronoun”they”in line 7 refers to
a.Oxford and Cambridge universities
5.The”pounds’in line 8 are probably
a.types of books
c.units of money
6.The”English cousin’in line 10 refers to a
7.Which ofthe following is NOT mentioned about John Harvard?
a.What he died of
b.What he came from
c.Where he was buried
d.How much he bequeathed to Harvard
8.The word”fledgling”in line 14 best be replaced by which of the folowing?
9.The passage implies that
a.Henry Dunster was an ineffective president
b.someone else really served as president of Harvard before Henry Dunster
c.Henry Dunster spent much of his time as president managing the Harvard faculty
d.The position of president of Harvard was not merely an administrative position in the early years
10.The word”somewhat”in line 20 could best be replaced by
a.back and forth
b.to and fro
c.side by side
d.more or less
11.Where in the passage does it indicate how much money Minister Harvard was really responsible for giving to the university?
LONGMAN PREPARATION COURSE FOR THE TOEFL TEST