TRIK JITU MENGERJAKAN SOAL TOEFL (READING) DAN JAWABAANNYA
In the United States,the process of impeachment-a process by which a legislative body can remove public officials from office-begins if a majority of members of the House of representatives vote to authorize the House Judiciary Committee to conduct an inguiry.After conducting hearings and examining evidence of alleged wrongdoing,the committee drafts articles of impeachment for the House of Representatives to vote later.If a majority of the House of Representatives votes tto approve at least one article of impeachment,the case is referred to the Senate.
The presiding officer for the Senate trial-either the vice president or the chief justice of the Supreme Court-administers an oath to the senators.The oath obliges them to act impartially as required of jurors and judges in all court proceedings.The Senate convenes to hear the appoited members of the House of Representatives,who make the case for impeachment.In the two presidential impeachment cases that have gone to a trial-those involving Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton-the House of Representatives appointed representatives from the Judiciary Committee to present the case for inpeachment to the Senate.In turn,the accused official and his or her representatives are allowed time to refute the charges in oral arguments to the assembled senators.Then,the Senate can call witnesses who may support or disprove the charges.The proceedings can be terminated at any time without a determination of guilt or innocence if a majority of senators vote to end the trial.After all of the evidence is heard and individual senators have made arguments for or against removing the official,a vote is held on each of the articles of impeachment.If two-thirds of the Senate votes to convict the official on any article of impeachment,he or she is removed from office.
1.What does the passage mainly discuss?
a.How articles of impeachment can be written in the U.S.
b.The tasks of the U.S.House of Representatives
c.The process of putting a public official on trial in the U.S.
d.What the U.S.House Judiciary Committee does in an impeachment process
2.The word”article”in line 5 can best be replaced by……
3.Which of the following is not mentioned as a reason to start the process of impeachment?
a.Authorization from the president of the U.S.
b.An inquiry from the House Judiciary Committee
c.Evidence of a suspected unlawful activity by an official
d.Approval of one article of impeachment
4.Who can preside over the Senate trial?
a.The vice president
b.A Senate leader
c.A House leader
5.The word”impartially”in line 11 can best replaced by…..
6.The word”those”in line 14 refers to……
a.jurors and judges
7.The word”refuse”in line 17 is closest in meaning to……
8.All of the following are factors that determine the removal of an official except……
a.Witnesses support the charges.
b.The bulk of the senators vote to end the trial
c.There is evidence that the official is involved in wrongdoings.
d.Two-thirds of the senates decide the official is guilty of one of the articles.
9.The word”convict”in line 23 is closest in meaning to….
10.Which of the following is mentioned in the passage?
a.An impeached official may be subject to further criminal prosecution.
b.Impeachable offences are determined by the law
c.An impeached official who is found guilty is removed from office.
d.President Richard Nixon resigned in 1974 as impeachment proceedings were under way.
11.Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage?
a.The U.S.House of Representatives has impeached two United States presidents.
b.The chief justice of the Supreme Court may preside over the Senate trial.
c.Impeachment is a process by which a legislative body can remove public officials from office.
d.The U.S.Senate has held full impeachment trials 14 other times in American history.
12.What will the paragraph following the passage most probably discuss?
a.The roles of the Senate in the impeachment of officials
b.Improper conduct leading to impeachment
c.The procedures for impeaching a U.S.president
d.Debates between the Congress and the convicted in the impeachment process
LIA PREPARATION COURSE FOR THE TOEFL TEST