TRIK JITU MENGERJAKAN SOAL TOEFL(READING) DAN JAWABANNYA
In the America colonies there was little money.England did not supply the colonies with coins and it did not allow the colonies to make their own coins,except for the Massachusetts Bay Colony,which received permission for a short period in 1652 to make several kinds of silver coins..England wanted to keep money out of America as a means of controlling trade:America was forced to trade only with England if it did not have the money to buy products from other countries.The result during this prerevolutionary period was that the colonists used various goods in place of money:beaver pelts,Indian wampum,and tobacco leaves were all commonly used substitutes for money.The colonists also made use of any foreign coins they could obtain.Dutch,Spanish,French,and English coins were all in use in the American colonies.
During the Revolutionary War,funds were needed to finance the war,so each of the individual states and the Continental Congress issued paper money.So much of this paper money was printed that,by the end of the war,almost no one would accept it.As a result trade in goods and the use of foreign coins still flourished during this period.
By the time the Revolutionary War had been won by the American colonists,the monetary system was in a state of total disarray.To remedy this situation,the new Constititution of the United States,approved in 1789,allowed Congress to issue money.The individual states could no longer have their own money supply.A few years later,the Coinage Act of 1792 made the dollar the official currency of the United States and put the country on a bimetallic standard.In this bimetallic system,both gold and silver were legal money,and the rate of exchange of silver to gold was fixed by the government at sixteen to one.
1.The passage mainly discusses
a.American money from past to present
b.the English monetary policies in colonial America
c.the effect of the Revolution on American money
d.the American monetary system of the seventeenth and eighteeenth ceneturies
2.The passage indicates that during the colonial period,money was
a.supplied by England
b.coined by the colonists
d.used extensively for trade
3.The Massachusetts Bay Colony was allowed to make coins
a.continuously from the inception of the colony
b.throughout the seventeenth century
c.from 1652 until the Revolutionary War
d.for a short time during one year
4.The expression”a means of”in line 4 could best be replaced by
a.an example of
b.a method for
c.a result of
d.a punishment for
5.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a substitute for money during the colonial period?
6.The pronoun”it”in line 12 refers to which of the following?
a.The Continental Congress
d.Trade in goods
7.It is implied in the passage that at the end of the Revolutionary War,a paper dollar was worth
a.exactly one dollar
b.just under one dollar
c.just over one dollar
8.The word”remedy”in line 15 is closest in meaning to
9.How was the monestary system arranged in the Constitution?
a.Only the United States Congress could issue money.
b.The United States officially went on a bimetallic monetary system.
c.Various state governments,including Massachusetts,could issue money.
d.The dollar was made the official currency of the United States.
10.Acording to the passage,which of the following is NOT true about the bimetallic monetary system?
a.Either gold or silver could be used as official money.
b.Gold could be exchanged for silver at a rate of sixteen to one.
c.The monetery system was based on two metals
d.It was established in 1792
11.The word”fixed”in line 19 is closest in meaning to
LONGMAN PREPARATION COURSE FOR THE TOEFL TEST