TRIK JITU MENGRJAKAN SOAL TOEFL (READING 9)
were simple structures that were primarily functional
carrying over traditional designs that went back to the
Middle Ages.During the first half of the eighteenth century,
line however,house began to show a new elegance.As wealth
(5) increased,more and more colonists built fine houses.
Since architecture was not yet a specialized profession in
the colonies,the design of buildings was left either to
amateur designers or to carpenters who undertook to
interpret architectural manuals imported from England.
Inventories of colonial libraries show an astonishing
number of these handbooks for builders,and the houses
(10) erected during the eighteenth century show their influence.
Nevertheless,most domestic architecture of the first three-
quarters of the eighteenth century displays a wide
divergence of taste and freedom of application of the rules
laid down in these books.
Increasing wealth ad growing sophistication throughout
the colonies resulted in houses of improved design,whether
the material was wood,stone,or brick.New Englad still
(15) favored wood,though brick houses became common in
Boston and other towns,where the danger of fire gave an
impetus to the use of more durable material.A few houses in
New England were build of stone,but only in pennsylvania
and adjacent areas was stone widely used in dwellings.An
increased use of brick in houses and outbuildings is
noticeable in Virginia and Maryland,but wood remained that
(20) most popular material even in houses built by wealthy
landowners.In the Carolinas,even in closely packed
Charleston,wooden houses were much more common than
Eighteenth-century houses showed great interior
improvements over their predecessors.Windows were made
larger and shutters removed large,clear panes replace the
(25) small leaded glass of the seventeenth century.Doorways
were larger and more decorative.Fireplaces became
decorative features of rooms.Walls were made of plaster or
wood,sometimes elaborately paneled.White paint began to
take the place of blues,yellows,greens,and lead colors,which
had been popular for walls in the earlier years.After about
1730,advertisements for wallpaper styles in scenic patterns
began to appear in colonial newspapers.
1.What does the passage mainly discuss?
a.The improved design of eighteenth century colonial houses
b.A comparison of eighteenth-century houses and modern
c.The decorations used in eighteenth-century houses
d.The role of carpenters in building eighteenth-century houses
Jawab:(A)The improved design of eighteenth-century colonial houses
Key word:During the eighteenth century houses began to show a new elegance
Pembahasan:di awal bacaan disebutkan pada awal abad kedelapan belas,terjadi perubahan desain rumah
2.What was one of the main reasons for the change in architectural styte in eighteenth-century North America?
a.More architects arrived in the colonies
b.The colonists developed an interest in classical architecture
c.Bricks were more readily available
d.The colonists had more money to spend on housing
Jawab:(D) the colonists had more money to spend on housing
Key word:Increasing wealth and growing sophistication
Pembahasan:pada paragraf ketiga disebutkan bahwa peningkatan kekayaan dan teknik yang didapat koloni menghasilkan berkembang pula desai-desain rumah
3.According to the passage,who was responsible for designing
houses in eighteenth-century North America?
Key word:the design of buildings was left either to amateur designers or to carpenters
Pembahasan:pada paragraf kedua disebutkan bahwa desain bangunan diserahkan kepada desainer amatir atau tukang kayu
4.The passage implies that the rules outlined in architectural manuals were
c.not strictly adhered to
d.only followed by older builders
Jawab:(C)not strictly adhered to
Key word:displays a wide divergence of taste and freedom of application
Pembahasan:aturan yang digariskan dalam arsitektur manual tidak benar-benar dipatuhi dengan adanya penerapan yang bebas
5.The word”divergence”in line 12 is closest in meaning to
6.The word”durable”in line 16 is closest in meaning to
Key word:tahan lama
7.Where was stone commonly used to build houses?
Key word:only in pennsylvania was stone widely used Pembahasan:Pennsylvania adalah tempat dimana batu biasa digunakan untuk bahan bangunan rumah
8.The word”dwellings”in line 18 is closest in meaning to
Key word:tempat tinggal
Pembahasan:dwellings=tempat tinggal,rumah=houses,Towns=kota-kota outbuidings=bangunan lain,rural areas=area pedesaan
9.The word”predecessors”in line 24 refers to
a.colonist who arrived in North America in the seventeenth
b.houses constructed before the eighteenth century
d.wooden houses in charleston
Jawab:(B)houses constructed before the eighteenth century
Key word:Eighteenth-century houses
Pembahasan:pada awal kalimat disebutkan rumah-rumah sebagai subjek,sehingga”pendahulu”di sini dimaksudkan rumah-rumah yang dibangun sebelum abad kedelapan belas.
10.The author mentions elaborately paneled walls in line 26 as an example of
a.how the interior design of colonial houses was improved
b.Why walls were made of wood or plaster
c.How walls were made stronger in the eighteenth century
d.What kind of wood was used for walls after 1730
Jawab:(A)how the interior design of colonial houses was improved
Key word:Eighteenth-century houses showed great interior improvements over their predecessors
Pebahasan:kalimat pertama pada paragraf terakhir menyebutkan bagaimana rumah di abad kedelapan belas berkembang daripada para pendahulunya
11.The word”elaborately”in line 27 is closest in meaning to
a.done in great detail
b.put together carefully
c.using many colors
Jawab:(A)done in great detail
Pembahasan:elaborately=rumit=done in great detail;
put together carefully=disatukan dengan hati-hati
using many colors=menggunakan banyak warna
reinforced structurally=diperkuat secara struktural
12.What does the author imply about the use of wallpaper before 1730?
a.Wallpaper samples appeared in the architectural manuals.
b.Walpaper was the some color as the wall paints used
c.patterned wallpaper was not widely used
d.Wallpaper was not used in stone house.
Jawab:(C)patterned wallpaper was not widely used
Key word:After 1730 advertisements for wallpaper styles i scenic patterns began to appear in newspapers
Pembahasan:setelah tahun 1730 mulai banyak iklan kertas dinding berpola di koran,yang menunjukkan bahwa tahun-tahun sebelumnya mungkin masih jarang digunakan
13.Where in the passage does the author give a reason why brick was the preferred material for houses in some urban areas?
Key word:where the danger of fire
Pembahasan:penggunaan batu bata sebagai bahan dasar bangunan rumah lebih disukai terutama untuk pewaspadaan terhadap bahaya kebakaran
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