TRIKJITU MENGERJAKAN SOAL TOEFL(READING)
What is commonly cf called pepper in reality comes from two very different families of plant.Black and white pepper both come from the fruit of the piper nigrum,a vine with fruits called peppercorns.The peppercorns turn from green to red as they ripen and finally blacken as they dry out.The dried-out peppercorns are ground to obtaind black papper.White pepper,which has a more subtle flavor than black pepper,comes from the same peppercorns as black pepper,to obtain white pepper,the outer hull of the peppercorn,the pericarp,is removed before the peppercorn is ground.
Red and green peppers,on the other hand,come from a completely different family from black and white pepper,Red and green peppers are from the genus Capsicum.Plants of this type generally have tiny white flowers and fruit which can be any one of a number of colors,shapes,and sizes.These peppers range in flavor that from very mild and sweet to the most incredibly burning taste imaginable.Bell peppers are the most mild,while habaneros are the most burning.
Christopher Columbus is responsible for the present-day confusion over what a pepper is.The Piper nigrum variety of pepper was highly valued for centuries,and high demand for pepper by Europeans was a major cause of the fifteenth-century push to locate ocean routes o the sice-growing regions of Asia.When Colombus arrived in the New World in 1492,he was particularly interested in finding black pepper because of te high price that it would command in Europe.Colombus came across plants from the Capsicum family in use among the people of the New World,and he incorrectly identified them as relatives of black pepper.Colombus introduced the spicyCapsicum chili peppers to Europeans on his return from the 1492 voyage,and traders later spread them to Asia and Africa.These Capsicum peppers have continued to be called peppers in spite of the fact that they are not related to the black and white pepper of the piper nigrum family.
1.The purpose of this passage is to
a.explain why there is confusion today over peppers
b.provide the scientific classification of various types of peppers
c.demonstrate that it was Columbus who brought peppers to Europe
d.classify the variety of sizes,shapes,and colors of peppers
2.The word”turn”in line 3 could best be replaced by
3.According to the passage,both black and white peppers
a.come from different plants
b.change colors after they are ground
c.are ground from dried out peppercorns
d.have the same flovor
4.What part of the Piper nigrum is the pericarp?
a.The seed inside the fruit
b.The outer covering of the fruit
c.The pulp inside the vine
d.The outer covering of the vine
5.What usually does NOT vary in a Capsicum plant?
a.The color of the flower
b.The size of the fruit
c.The shape of the fruit
d.The color of fruit
6.The word”push”in line 14 could best be replaced by
7.The pronoun”them”in line 18 refers to
8.It can be inferred from the passage that chili peppers originally came from
19.Where in the passage does the author explain the mistake that Colombus made?
LONGMAN PREPARATION COURSE FOR THE TOEFL TEST